지난 4월 bbc 웹사이트에 실린 기사.
영국 사회를 분석, 이제는 상위 중위 하위 계급이 아니라 7개의 계급으로 분류.
- Elite - the most privileged group in the UK, distinct from the other six classes through its wealth. This group has the highest levels of all three capitals
- Established middle class - the second wealthiest, scoring highly on all three capitals. The largest and most gregarious group, scoring second highest for cultural capital
- Technical middle class - a small, distinctive new class group which is prosperous but scores low for social and cultural capital. Distinguished by its social isolation and cultural apathy
- New affluent workers - a young class group which is socially and culturally active, with middling levels of economic capital
- Traditional working class - scores low on all forms of capital, but is not completely deprived. Its members have reasonably high house values, explained by this group having the oldest average age at 66
- Emergent service workers - a new, young, urban group which is relatively poor but has high social and cultural capital
- Precariat, or precarious proletariat - the poorest, most deprived class, scoring low for social and cultural capital
네가 지금 중산층이고, 곧 상위계급으로 뛰어오를 것이란 착각은 버려~
요는.... 나는 중산층이라고 생각하지만 사실은 아닐 수도 있다는 것.
흔히 말하는 '중산층의 허구'를 들여다본 것.
Class calculator: Can I have no job or money and still be middle class?
7가지 계급 구분에서 가장 눈길 끄는 것은 프레카리아트... 88만원세대, 프리터, 유럽의 분노하는 사람들, '아랍의 봄'의 주역들, 빈곤대국 아메리카의 청년들, 기타등등 전 세계의 흔들리는 노동자/잠재적 노동자들.
위키피디아에 따르면 :
In sociology and economics, precariat is a social class formed by people suffering from precarity, which is a condition of existence without predictability or security, affecting material or psychological welfare as well as being a member of a Proletariat class of industrial workers who lack their own means of production and hence sell their labour to live. Specifically, it is applied to the condition of lack of job security, in other words intermittent employment or underemployment and the resultant precarious existence.
The term is a portmanteau obtained by merging precarious with proletariat.
The precariat class has been emerging in advanced societies such as Japan, where it includes over 20 million so-called “freeters.” The young precariat class in Europe became a serious issue in the early part of the 21st century.
The British economist Guy Standing has analysed the precariat as a new emerging social class in work done for the think tank Policy Network and a subsequent book Precariat: The New Dangerous Class and claims for a basic income as a solution for addressing the problem.
The analysis of the results of the Great British Class Survey of 2013, a collaboration between the BBC and researchers from several UK universities, contended there is a new model of class structure consisting of seven classes, ranging from the Elite at the top to the Precariat at the bottom. The Precariat class was envisaged as “the most deprived British class of all with low levels of economic, cultural and social capital” and the opposite of “the Technical Middle Class” in Great Britain in that instead of having money but no interests, people of the new Precariat Class have all sorts of potential activities they like to engage in but can not do any of them because they have no money, insecure lives, and are usually trapped in old industrial parts of the country.